He served as bishop of both Rome and Milan as well as governor of Aemilia-Liguria despite often challenging the Emperor Theodosius.
Among his writings are De officiis ministrorum , a discussion of morality and ecclesial discipline as well as De obitu Valentiniani and De obitu Theodocii which established the concept that a Christian emperor was a son of the church. Decimus Magnus Ausonius — CE came from Bordeaux and served as the tutor for the future emperor Gratian; he was a noted grammarian and rhetorician. He was less concerned with Christian values and wrote on a variety of subjects. Lastly, one cannot forget the writings of St. Augustine CE.
While Ambrosius, Augustine, and Ausonius represented the emergence of Christian writers, one pagan author also appeared on the scene, Claudius Claudianus — CE. Claudianus, a native of Alexandria , was the court poet under Emperor Honorius. He wrote panegyrics for Honorius and Stilicho, the Roman general.
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Influenced by earlier poets, both Roman and Greek, he is considered the last important poet of the classical tradition. Besides the writers of poetry and prose, there were the historians: Sallust, Tacitus, Livy , and Suetonius. Unfortunately, much of early Roman history is based on myth, and some historians sadly accepted it as fact. However, real or not, it gave the Romans a sense of identity. The first historian of note was Gaius Sallustius Crispus or Sallust c. So inspired by the Greek historian Thucydides , he turned to writing history. An enemy of Cicero, he sided with dictator-for-life Julius Caesar who helped him fight charges of malpractice while governor of Africa.
Lastly, Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus c. His De viris illustribus included short biographies of Roman men of letters; poets, grammarians, orators, and philosophers. Using earlier histories as sources, his works are considered interesting but not totally reliable. Unfortunately, Rome did not produce many philosophers like Greece; however, there are two who should, at least, be mentioned. Marcus Aurelius was not only an excellent emperor but also a Stoic philosopher; his Meditations was written Greek.
Finally, T. Lucretius Carus 99 — 55 BCE wrote On the Nature of the Universe , an Epicurean doctrine that said the world was mechanistic, operating without divine intervention and true happiness existed from complete withdrawal from public life. From its infancy, Roman literature borrowed heavily from the Greeks.
However, they were able to shake the shackles and create a vibrant literature of their own; poetry, prose, and history. The Roman authors influenced countless others in the decades and centuries that followed — Dante, Shakespeare, Milton, and many more. One cannot enter either a library or bookstore without seeing Roman poetry and prose on the bookshelves; Cicero, Tacitus, Suetonius, as well as Virgil and Horace.
Western literature owes a debt of gratitude to the Romans for what they have given the world.
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Wasson published on 27 September Greek influence Roman literature owes a debt to the Greeks, more specifically Athens. Remove Ads Advertisement. Bibliography A.
History of Rome to A. Collier Macmillan Ltd, Parragon Books, Gaius Valerius Catullus. Catullus, Tibullus, Pervigilium Veneris. Harvard University Press, Nigel Rodgers. Ancient Rome. Metro Books, Norman F. Harper Perennial, Pliny the Elder. The Natural History of Pliny, Vol. Forgotten Books, Simon Hornblower. The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Oxford University Press, Williams, C. Martial's Epigrams Book Two.
About the Author Donald L. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U. History at Lincoln College Normal, Illinois and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students. Related Content Filters: All. Greek literature has influenced not only its Roman neighbors to Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman orator, statesman and writer Without the valuable contributions of historians, later generations Help us write more We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.
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University of California Press 20 September Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, Books Oxford University Press 04 February Chicago Style Wasson, Donald L. License Written by Donald L. Powered by Mailchimp Newsletter Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:.
Ancient Philosophy: A Companion to the Core Readings
History Enthusiast Teacher Student Librarian. Eminently clear and accessible, it provides judicious and balanced coverage of key thinkers and their systems. I would recommend it highly to any instructor developing a course in the field and to any student or interested layperson seeking a useful aid in self-study. Succinct, well-organized, and clear, it is designed as a companion volume to the primary texts that are standardly read in a basic university course on the subject; it is not a substitute for those texts themselves. Clearly the product of a good deal of experience in the classroom, it is shrewd in anticipating what in the material is likely to mystify—or to entrance—a student; its judicious use of illustrations is particularly striking.
Most important, it keeps its eye on the big picture: the overall shape of the first millennium of philosophical work in the West and the substantial contribution of that work to our own scientific and philosophical outlook. Opens as a PDF. The Soul in Aristotle and in Later Thinkers 3. Practical Philosophy 2. The Apology and Related Dialogues.